Harnessing unique capabilities in controlled inorganic nanomaterial synthesis and organic synthesis, the overarching research theme of Prof. Lu’s functional materials lab is to rationally design, synthesize and fabricate high-performance transducer material platforms. Exploiting unique properties of nanomaterials and/or novel polymers, these new types of material systems are capable of converting one type of energy into another. Efficient energy conversion is the subject of fundamental scientific investigation and is essential for a wide variety of applications including life science, green energy conversion and storage, as well as artificial intelligence.